People and culture of Uganda are situated at the geographical heart of the African continent. Uganda has long been a cultural melting pot, as proven by the existence of 30-plus totally different autochthonal languages belonging to five distinct linguistic groups, and an equally numerous cultural mosaic of music, art and handicrafts.
The country’s most ancient inhabitants, confined to the mountainous southwest, are the Batwa and Bambuti Pygmies, relics of the hunter-gatherer cultures that once occupied abundant of East Africa to leave behind a rich legacy of rock paintings, like at the Nyero Rock Shelter near Kumi.
At the cultural core of modern-day Uganda lies the Bantu-speaking kingdoms of Buganda, Banyoro, Ankole, and Toro, whose ancient monarchs – reinstated within the nineteen-nineties after having been abolished by president Milton Obote in 1967 – still function necessary cultural as figureheads. In line with oral tradition, these centuries-old kingdoms area unit offshoots of the mediaeval kingdoms of Batembuzi and Bachwezi, that lay within the section of contemporary Mubende and Ntusi, wherever archaeological proof suggests that a powerfully centralised polity had emerged by the eleventh century. Three former kings of Buganda area unit buried in a powerful ancient thatched building at the Kasubi Tombs in the capital of Uganda.
Elsewhere, Uganda’s cultural diversity is boosted within the northeast by the presence of the Karimojong, ancient pastoralists whose style and culture is paying homage to the famous Maasai, and in the northwest by a patchwork of agricultural folks whose Nilotic languages and cultures are rooted in what’s currently Sudan. The Rwenzori foothills area unit dedicated to a one-legged, one-armed, one popeyed pipe-smoking spirit referred to as Kalisa, whereas the Bagisu of the Mount Elgon region area unit celebrated for there vibrant Imbalu ceremony, a private initiation to manhood that peaks in activity in and around August of each even-numbered year.